HUD Housing Counseling Federal Advisory Committee (HCFAC) to host panel entitled “Challenges in Credit Reporting Post-Crisis: An Opportunity for Housing Counselors”

As a member of the HCFAC committee which is comprised of three representatives each from the mortgage, real estate and housing counseling industries as well as three consumer advocates, I am learning more about a great resource – HUD approved counseling agencies. Panels were planned for March 14 at HUD to show different ways that HUD approved housing counselors can assist not only consumers, but also mortgage and real estate professionals. (The meeting was cancelled due to a major snowstorm and will be held at a later date.)

For years, we have grappled with a credit problem where past short-sellers who attempt to get approved for a conventional Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage are turned down because their short sale is credit coded as a foreclosure. This problem is commonly found during the mortgage process of a live contract where a deadline must be met. Often, options to get this corrected quickly are expensive or result in the borrower resorting to an FHA mortgage or a non-QM portfolio loan at a higher interest rate.

When this problem was discussed with colleagues in the housing counseling industry, it became evident that this is where a solution to this problem for all parties might be. Why? Loan originators are trained to meet contract dates and get data needed to ensure an approval. Housing counselors are trained to analyze and prepare clients for homeownership.

The credit code problem specific to short sales is not a singular issue. It starts with the realization that the short sale code is showing up as a foreclosure – something not visible until it is seen in both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac automated underwriting systems. This doesn’t mean Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are to blame for this problem – it’s just where it is first seen.

Unfortunately, for many affected past short-sellers they learn of this problem on their first attempt to get a new conventional mortgage when they are eligible again four years after the short sale. But too often, lenders don’t run these clients through the automated underwriting system upfront which would allow the lender to know there’s a problem right away. And consumers don’t always let the lender know they had a past short sale.

Note to all loan originators: ask your clients if they had a short sale up front! If they did, run them through your automated system immediately!

Calls for help often come in when the loan is in crisis. Lenders are instructed on how to do the Fannie Mae Desktop workaround, but if the lender is primarily a Freddie Mac lender, there is no workaround. And because of slight differences in the popular Fannie Mae Home Ready program and the Freddie Mac Home Possible loan, calls for help are increasing for how to fix this problem in Freddie Mac.

If past short-sellers know of the problematic credit code issue, they or a credit repair company attempt to get it corrected. The most common fix is to dispute the account. However, the dispute does nothing but hide the credit, offering a temporary fix that appears to work when credit scores increase. However, when the affected consumer applies for a new mortgage the dispute must be taken off of the credit. The previous credit code problem returns, credit scores plummet and if the consumer is in a contract, there is only one quick way to remedy the problem and that is with a Rapid Rescore. Per FCRA regulations, the lender must pay for the Rapid Rescore.

Another problem that occurs is that because of the dispute, the “date reported” becomes more recent then the short sale closing date because of the new investigation. This date can’t be changed per credit reporting agencies and the automated systems can deny a past short seller if this date is within the four year wait limit.

No lenders in the U.S. will do a manual underwrite to circumvent the problem, though both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have written criteria that allows for a manual underwrite.

Last week, it was found that the same credit code problem appears to also affect those who had a modification and are over 120 days delinquent.

It is a hunch that going over 120 days delinquent may be the key because an approval of a new loan was received for a consumer who was less than 120 days late on their mortgage prior to the short sale. Nonetheless, we are close to getting this resolved…. And the housing counseling industry will be involved in assisting in a permanent correction of this problem.


How Loan Professionals can Correct a known Short Sale credit coded as a Foreclosure

Loan originators are unaware that there are two solutions that can work when short sale credit is erroneously coded as a foreclosure and results in an automated denial. One solution is a workaround in Fannie Mae. (There is no workaround for Freddie Mac.) The second solution is to “Submit a Complaint” on the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) website.

Fannie Mae workaround

https://www.fanniemae.com/content/release_notes/du-do-release-notes-08162014.pdf

Loan professionals need to know specific directions on how to use the Fannie Mae DO/DU automated underwriting system (AUS) workaround when a Refer/Caution is received and the denial is due to a short sale coded as a foreclosure.

Loan originators, upon receiving Refer/Caution:

  • Within (1)Fannie Mae DO or DU automated underwriting system, go into (2)Edit Loan: then (3)Full 1003 and then (4)Declarations, then (5)c. In dropdown box, change to (6)Yes.
  •  Click on (7)Explanation button at bottom right.  For(9), either:

On (8) Declarations Explanation page:

  •  If strictly trying to correct a FORECLOSURE code noted on findings for a short sale, enter on line c.: Confirmed CR FC Incorrect
  • If “Extenuating Circumstances” and are trying to get DU/Fannie Mae approval at 2 years after short sale, enter on line c.: Confirmed CR FC EC

Submit a COMPLAINT at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB)

When you find out that your short sale was coded as a foreclosure, one option to correct this is to Submit a Complaint to the CFPB. Let the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau know that your short sale is being coded as a foreclosure on the Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac automated underwriting system.

Take these steps:

  • Before you finish, attach short sale approval letter(s) from your lender and your closing statement (HUD-1) showing the loan closed with you as the seller, not the lender as the seller.
  • You will receive an answer back from the CFPB within 15 days so keep an eye out for their email.

 

Next month: How Housing Counseling Agencies can help your clients prepare for home ownership….


Erroneous Foreclosure Code still results in Loan Denial for Past Short Sellers in Freddie Mac Loan Prospector(LP) for Conventional Loans

Loan originator is asking your assistance to share LP conventional mortgage “Caution” files of past short sellers that have passed the 4-year mark.

By Pam Marron   July 28, 2016
In August of 2014, Fannie Mae successfully implemented an automated system workaround that enabled lenders to correct conventional loan Refer/Ineligible findings when past short sale credit shows up as a foreclosure in the Desktop Underwriter or Originator. Freddie Mac’s Loan Prospector automated underwriting system never implemented a correction, and past short sale credit still results in a Loan Prospector “Caution”, or loan denial, for those trying to obtain a new conventional mortgage after a shortsale. The problem does not occur for government FHA and VA loans. Freddie Mac’s Caution findings commonly lists in the reasons for denial under Credit Risk Comments: “13. Recent foreclosure/signif derog appears on credit report”.
A Freddie Mac “Caution” denial requires a manual underwrite to overcome this error.  Lenders that will do a manual underwrite on either Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae conventional loan files are rare to find. The good news is that the credit repository(s) reporting the foreclosure is now able to be found and seen in raw data through credit reporting agencies.
This would not be of such great concern if the mortgage industry was not approaching the rollout of the new “Trended Credit Data” that will work with the Fannie Desktop automated system in Version 10.0 set to be implemented on September 24, 2016.
If there are any glitches in the DU 10.0 format, lenders will likely put their loans through the Freddie Mac Loan Prospector automated underwriting system. Because a work around was never implemented for Freddie Mac, past short sellers eligible for a new mortgage will receive an automated “Caution”, or a denial for a new mortgage.
When the problem of the “Caution” in Freddie Mac’s automated system is brought up, the response from Freddie Mac has been that their system has been corrected and problems are with individual files. This article was written to alert Freddie Mac that as more past short sellers become eligible to purchase a home again, we as lenders are experiencing the problem of the “Caution” denial of new conventional mortgages on all files that are conventional, and more often.
This is what we are finding. All files currently being entered into Loan Prospector for a conventional mortgage purchase where a past short sale exists in credit are receiving a “Caution”, even when the past short sale is past the four-year mark, the wait time required after a short sale for a new Freddie Mac conventional mortgage.
A few lenders have stated they have received an “Accept” for a past short seller on a conventional mortgage, but we have found that only loans submitted for an FHA or VA loan appear to receive an “Accept”. This is believed to be due to the fact that Total Scorecard, an additional credit mechanism found in both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, allows the loan to receive an Approve or Accept respectively through both systems but verification of the short sale account must be backed up with documentation proving a short sale rather than a foreclosure. Additionally, it was checked to see if the problem was due to specific credit reporting agencies. Thus far, multiple credit agency reports for the same borrower have resulted in the same denial.
Unfortunately, Freddie Mac Loan Prospector does not designate which account it is classified as a foreclosure. However, the repository(s) that reports the short sale as a foreclosure can be visually found in raw data of the three repositories, Experian, Trans Union and Equifax in the credit report. Lenders who want to specifically see this to distinguish the problem need to make sure they contact their credit reporting agency and ask for the MOP (method of payment) and a horizontal payment history grid to be available on their report. A screen shot of raw data may ultimately be needed if where the foreclosure code exists is not evident on the visual credit report.
Because of the concern that mortgage traffic will increase in Freddie Mac Loan Prospector if a problem arises in Version 10.0 of the Fannie Mae Desktop Underwriter with the introduction of Trended Data Credit, we are proactively and respectfully bringing this known problem of short sale credit that shows up as a foreclosure on conventional loans only again to Freddie Mac’s attention. If you are a loan originator or lender that encounters a “Caution” denial in the Freddie Mac Loan Prospector automated underwriting system for past short sellers trying to obtain a conventional mortgage, please contact Pam Marron at 727-375-8986 or email pam.m.marron@gmail.com.
To best prepare, make sure that you run past short seller files through both Fannie Mae Desktop Underwriter/Originator and Freddie Mac’s Loan Prospector automated underwriting systems upfront. Don’t wait until the final submission to underwriting.
Stay tuned!


The Problem with Credit Report Disputes

By Pam Marron

Written for National Mortgage Professional Magazine, September 26, 2016

Many past short-sellers attempting to purchase a home are told that their short sale credit shows up as a foreclosure in the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac automated underwriting systems. Many of these affected consumers then dispute this credit or employ a credit repair company to do so. Thus, it is not uncommon to see a credit dispute on past short sale credit.

The problem with credit disputes is that they are often a temporary fix. When a credit account is disputed, the creditor is given a 30-day timeframe to respond to the dispute. If the creditor does not respond, the disputed information is taken off the credit. However, the comment “account in dispute” appears on that credit line. Dispute comments make the affected account invisible to both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac automated underwriting systems (AUS) causing the findings to be inaccurate. This is why underwriters require that dispute comments must be deleted from the credit report before an accurate response can be provided through the Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac automated underwriting systems.

When the dispute is lifted, the past negative credit appears again.

Your borrower can request that the dispute is deleted from their account themselves but the timeframe to get this done start to finish can take up to 50 days. Often, there is a signed purchase contract that is time sensitive. Instead of having the luxury of time, a costly Rapid Rescore must be done to get the dispute comments deleted quickly. And loan originators, YOU must pay for this Rapid Rescore.

It gets worse. On a Rapid Rescore, deleting dispute comments from a negative credit account usually results in a lower credit score.

If There is Time for Borrower to Handle Deleting Dispute Comments Directly with Creditor and Credit Bureaus

  1. Loan Originators: Check every credit report for dispute comments prior to application. If dispute comments exist, start working to delete these remarks immediately and allow for a closing date that gives enough time.
  2. Make sure your borrower has the name and account number of the disputed account creditor. Have the borrower contact the creditor directly to request deletion of dispute remarks. Depending on the dispute comments, deletion can take 24 hours to 30 days.
  3. Make sure that your borrower states and puts in writing if necessary that no other parties can provide a new dispute notice.
  4. Have your borrower contact the creditor 5 days later to insure the dispute has been taken off and have them retrieve a letter with contact information for verification purposes.
    • This letter can be used to send to the credit bureau to order a *Rapid Rescore, where corrected information is merged into a new credit report at a cost and produced within 2-5 days. The timeframe of getting this correction on a new credit report without using Rapid Rescore is 30-45 days after the creditor initiates the deletion.
  5. Once the creditor has confirmed that the dispute comments have been removed, have your borrower contact the live agent at the Dispute Department for each of the 3 credit bureaus and ask them to remove the dispute comments. Ask each credit bureau if a request to delete a dispute must be requested in writing or if this can be done over the phone. (This can vary depending on the status of the dispute.) If a letter is needed, the borrower will have retrieved this from the creditor.
    • TransUnion: 800-916-8800
    • Experian: 800-493-1058
    • Equifax: 877-322-8228
  6. Pull a new credit report 35 days after the borrower has requested that the dispute comments be deleted by the creditor. If dispute comments still show up, wait another 10 days and repull credit.
  7. When the new credit report with deleted dispute comment comes in, check the credit score, make sure the loan still fits within program guidelines and run through Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac automated underwriting system.

Retrieving the Credit Report with a 2-5 Day *Rapid Rescore Through a Credit Reporting Agency

A new credit report can commonly be updated in 2-5 business days using *Rapid Rescore. You, the loan originator will have to pay for this.

  1. Each credit reporting agency (CRA) has a link to 1) TransUnion, 2) Equifax and 3) Experian for each account on the credit report that allows you to see “which bureau” specifically has the dispute comment noted.
  2. Complete the generic form for your CRA to order the deletion of dispute remarks for only those bureaus that show the dispute through a *Rapid Rescore for each borrower connected to the dispute account and who is on the new mortgage.
  3. When the new credit report is done, follow step 7 above.

HARP to Form ‘Bridge’ to New Refi Option in ’17, FHFA Says

By
from National Mortgage News

The Federal Housing Finance Agency said Thursday the Home Affordable Refinancing Program will be extended an additional year, and also announced a new refinancing opportunity specifically for borrowers with high loan-to-value ratios.

FHFA, which regulates Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, said the two government-sponsored enterprises will roll out the new refinancing program in October 2017. It will be more targeted than HARP, the agency said, and will focus on borrowers whose LTV ratios are higher than the GSEs’ allowable limits. Standard Fannie and Freddie refinancing programs don’t allow refinancing for LTVs above 97%.

“Providing a sustainable refinance opportunity for high LTV borrowers who have demonstrated responsibility by remaining current on their mortgage makes financial sense both for borrowers and for the enterprises,” said FHFA director Mel Watt in a press release.

But the agency added that extending HARP through Sept. 30, 2017 will provide a “bridge” for high LTV borrowers to seek a refinancing option before the new program is fully implemented.

The HARP program has allowed 3.4 million borrowers to refinance their loans, taking advantage of lower mortgage rates and reducing their monthly payments. HARP was first introduced in April 2009 by former acting FHFA Director Edward DeMarco.

Once the HARP program expires, the new high LTV program will continue to provide underwater homeowners who are current on their payments a refinancing option. To qualify for the new program, the FHFA said, borrowers cannot have missed a mortgage payment in the previous six months or more than one payment in the previous year. They must have a source of income and the refinancing must result in a benefit such as a reduced monthly payment. FHFA will provide more details about the new refinancing option in the coming months, according to the press release.

“This new offering will give borrowers the opportunity to refinance when rates are low, making their mortgages more affordable and thus reducing credit risk exposure for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac,” Watt said.

Only 38,300 borrowers refinanced through HARP in the first half of 2016. In 2015, HARP refis totaled 110,111, down from 212,489 in 2014.

 


Payment Reductions Should Continue After HAMP Expires: Regulators

By Brian Collins, from National Mortgage News
July 25, 2016

Federal regulators warned mortgage servicers Monday that they will still expect them to offer loan modifications to distressed homeowners even after the Home Affordable Modification Program expires at year-end.

Continue reading…


Urgent Attention Needed. Two Problems and Solutions That Exist for Negative Equity Homeowners

Let’s Work Together to Fix the Problems Now

Restructured and Refinanced: There is a way to use government entity funds as a new 2nd mortgage and combine these funds with six existing refinance programs to provide a refinance where none exists for millions of responsible, currently paying homeowners who have negative equity mortgages. The benefit? Credit stays intact, homeowners “stay put” in homes while equity escalates and communities recover.

There are over four million homeowners across the U.S. who are still trapped in their current location because they have no refinance option for a first mortgage, a second mortgage, or a Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC). Over 454,000 of them live in Florida alone!

These are often people who are hanging on by a thread, but through no fault of their own, have no option for a refinance. Currently the only option available requires mortgage delinquency and proof of hardship to achieve a loan modification. We must provide solutions that do not destroy the credit of those with negative equity.

Unless we provide a solution, there will be another wave of defaulted mortgages. These are not people looking for a handout. They desperately want to keep their credit intact, but no option currently exists to let them do so. The solutions presented in this report simply restructure current debt with available programs to allow the homeowners to stay in their home while staying current on their mortgage.

Solutions to lift these homeowners out of negative equity are already available. We need to get our legislators and leaders on-board now because three of the options will expire in December, 2016.

Read the entire report! Click the button below to download it and start reading now. Comments are welcome.


Credit is Central to WHY Help Network Started

History: WHY Help Network Started

The housing recession since 2007 has resulted in real estate and mortgage problems never experienced before in U.S. history. One of those newer problems was a massive number of short sales, where homes are sold for less than the mortgage balance on the loan.

In order to short sale, a common practice of nearly every lender in the U.S. was to require that the distressed homeowner go delinquent on their mortgage before the short sale approval could be given. The short sale process was lengthy and the required delinquency almost always exceeded 4 months. After 120 days of mortgage delinquency, a foreclosure code was placed on the credit of unsuspecting short sellers. The foreclosure code was not apparent to those of us in the mortgage industry until years later when the past short seller, eligible for a new conventional mortgage, received a “Refer with Caution” denial for a new loan. Lender underwriters unaware of the erroneous credit code would tell past short sellers to go back to their short sale lender and get the problem fixed. The short sale lenders would claim they had coded the short sale correctly, and point to credit reporting agencies to make the fix. The credit reporting agencies, now seeing this problem throughout the U.S., started drilling down to where the problem was in the code. This is when it was discovered that there was multiple credit code being used for a short sale, but borrowed from the Metro 2 foreclosure code. Additionally, foreclosure payment history codes of “8”(repossession) and “9”(collection) were adding to the mix. And when fixes were applied, “dates reported” were pulling forward, suggesting the credit problem was more recent than the short sale closing.

Why was this a problem for the mortgage and housing industry? A foreclosure code meant a 7 year wait to get a new mortgage, rather than the 2 year wait after a short sale in effect at the time. At that point, there were over 9 million past short sellers. That equated to over 16% of total U.S. mortgages! The slowdown of the housing comeback was critical, and stalling the reentry of 9 million past homeowners back into the housing market would affect the housing market. It was imperative for this problem to be solved.

The road to a solution started with a loan officer in Florida and a credit reporting agency, Acranet Credit, in California. The loan officer saw the seller credit was being coded as a foreclosure over and over again in the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac automated systems and went to Acranet credit reporting agency. The Acranet credit manager was a board member of the National Consumer Reporting Association (NCRAinc.org) and brought the problem to the NCRA. The Florida loan officer attended the 2012 NCRA Conference with proof and met a representative with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) at the conference.

In April of 2013, the Florida Loan officer and the executive director of the NCRA went to Washington, D.C. and, thanks to U.S Congressman Gus Bilirakis’s office, met with staff of the Senate Banking and Finance Committee. On this first meeting, multiple problems were presented and it was quickly determined that pinpointing the critical credit code problem was paramount. Offices of representatives for “Hardest Hit” states, where it was thought that the credit code problem would be most apparent, were visited. The offices of the U.S. Treasury, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and U.S. Senator Bill Nelson’s (D-FL) office were also visited.

U.S. Senator Nelson’s office took a special interest in this problem along with the CFPB. Senator Nelson is from Florida, a state that was 3rd from the top where housing had been hit hardest. In 2012, Florida’s average of homes sold as short sales was tipping 30%, and 48% of homes owned in the state had negative equity. This problem threatened a real housing recovery for Florida.

On May 7, 2013, U.S. Senator Bill Nelson required that the CFPB and the FTC get a solution to the credit code problem within 90 days. There was much talk about a “specific, universal short sale credit code” just like there was for a foreclosure or repossession, or judgment.

In June 2013, the Florida loan Officer, the NCRA executive director and 30 NCRA board members met in Washington, D.C. again and met with CFPB Director Richard Cordray and 4 CFPB directors.

Later that afternoon, the Florida loan officer and the Acranet credit agency manager met again with the CFPB and were stunned to learn that, though affected consumers were consistently stating they were told by their short sale lender that a delinquency of their mortgage was a requirement to get the short sale approved, in fact the lenders were telling another story…. that underwater homeowners were ceasing to make payments, waiting to be served foreclosure by their short sale lender.

To hear this was shocking. All of the press seemed to be about strategic defaulters, who are able to make mortgage payments but chose not to. Yet, we were finding little evidence of underwater homeowners who wanted to stop paying their mortgage. Instead, homeowners who called for help were bewildered that they had to destroy their credit to exit an underwater home. They wanted to make their payments but were told no help was available until they went delinquent!

While in Washington, D.C., it was also learned that the credit code change all of us were fighting for would not happen. Instead, lenders would be allowed to make a change in the Fannie Mae system when the erroneous foreclosure code showed up on past short seller credit. This would take effect on Nov. 16, 2013.

The Nov. 16, 2013 change did not work…. but 2 fixes found by accident were working! The CFPB Complaint Letter worked the most and seemed to trigger an immediate “change” in the credit that resulted in an “Approve” upon a new credit pull and resubmission to Fannie Mae. The same change occurred if a Lender Letter could be obtained from the lender stating the loan closed as a short sale and not as a foreclosure. The critical key here was that lenders were able to make a change of the code internally.

And, on August 16, 2014, Fannie Mae again made a change to their automated systems Desktop Underwriter/Originator that finally allowed lenders to go into the system and make a change when a foreclosure showed up on credit code for a past short seller.

So WHY Help Network?

Because so many lenders, loan originators, credit reporting agencies and governmental agencies are now aware of the credit code problem of past short sellers, it was decided to switch gears. Instead of using efforts to find more solutions (though this is an ongoing process!), emphasis is now on the network of help available to past short sellers.

The Help Network is a growing resource center that includes lenders, loan officers, realtors, credit reporting agencies, HUD Approved Counseling Agencies and governmental agencies and representative offices that are aware of this problem and can help.

And if you are not sure who can help in your state, email Pam Marron at pmarron@tampabay.rr.com and ask for help with resources.

 

 


Back from the Housing Brink

Back from the Brink logo

 

 

Sponsored by the Gulf Coast Chapter of the Florida Association of Mortgage Professionals, a member of the Pinellas Realtor Affiliate Business Partners Program

 

“Back from the Housing Brink” defines 3 different client types that have developed from the housing crisis and where opportunity exists for loan originators and realtors to assist these clients.

GulfCoast Chapter of the Florida Association of Mortgage Professionals wishes to thank the Pinellas REALTOR Organization for joining with us to support this program!


Pro member

nonPro member

 

Special Guest Daren Blomquist, Vice President of RealtyTrac

RT.Daren lg
Status of Distressed Homeowners and Boomerang Buyers
  • Defined, statistics, where these homeowners are at and where they are moving to in the U.S. and specifically Florida.
Assist 7.1 million Distressed Homeowners (still in underwater homes) to stay put
  • PURE HARP refinancing, shorter term
  • Hardest Hit Funds available for principal reduction through Florida
Assist 7.3 million Boomerang Buyers (had past short sale or foreclosure) eligible to re-enter housing market over next 8 years
  • wait timeframes for all mortgage types
  • Shorter wait time frame underwriting criteria for FHA “Back to Work” and conventional mortgage “Extenuating Circumstances”
Assist real estate agents to sell damaged housing by providing repair list with costs and renovation loan financing at listing upfront
  • Retrieve “feasibility report” commonly done by FHA Inspectors and useful to attract buyers and for mortgage financing. Report cost: $200-$250.
  • Provide financing option upfront for either FHA 203K (owner occupied loan) or conventional Homestyle renovation loan (owner occupied, 2nd home, investor)

Challenge to mortgage and real estate industries:
Need for refinance option of non-Fannie Mae, non-Freddie Mac 1st mortgage and 2nd mortgages and HELOCS for 7.1 million homeowners still underwater! Only option currently is modification that requires delinquency.

Realtor/Loan Originator resources:
  • Specialized lists from RealtyTrac
  • Free promotion of industry professionals who would like to assist these clients at HELP Network on *HousingCrisisStories.com

*HousingCrisisStories.com is set up to provide buyer and loan originator assistance to prepare cases for underwriting FHA “Back To Work” and where “Extenuating Circumstances” may exist for a conventional mortgage. Lenders who provide FHA Back to Work, allow Extenuating Circumstances and provide pure HARP 2 will be promoted.

Homebuyers/Homeowners resources:
  • Downpayment assistance: Hillsborough, Pinellas, Pasco, Hernando, Citrus counties, state of Florida
  • “Fix It” programs for those with no equity: Pasco County
  • Student Loan consolidation/refinance program

 


FHA: Economic Events

FHA is allowing for the consideration of borrowers who have experienced an Economic Event and can document that:

  • certain credit impairments were the result of a Loss of Employment or a significant loss of Household Income beyond the borrower’s control;
  • the borrower has demonstrated full recovery from the event; and,
  • the borrower has completed housing counseling.

Definitions: An Economic Event is any occurrence beyond the borrower’s control that results in Loss of Employment, Loss of Income, or a combination of both, which causes a reduction in the borrower’s Household Income of twenty (20) percent or more for a period of at least six (6) months.

Please read the FHA Back to Work – Extenuating Circumstances Mortgagee Letter 2013-26 dated August 15, 2013 for all criteria that allows exception for a new FHA mortgage as soon as one year after a short sale, foreclosure or bankruptcy, within the three year required wait period of FHA.


HELOC Shock Heat Map

April 8, 2015 | Daren Blomquist, RealtyTrac

A RealtyTrac analysis of open Home Equity Lines of Credit originated during the housing bubble years of 2005 to 2008 shows that there are nearly 3.3 million HELOCs scheduled to reset at fully amortizing monthly mortgage payments between 2015 and 2018 after a 10-year period with interest-only payments. The average increase in monthly payments when these HELOCs reset will range from $138 for those resetting in 2016 to $161 for those resetting in 2018.

More than 1.8 million of the resetting HELOCs (56 percent) are on homes that are seriously underwater, with a combined loan to value ratio of 125 percent or more, and the percentage of underwater homes with resetting HELOCs is much higher in some markets such as Las Vegas (89 percent), Inland California (80 percent or more in many markets), Orlando (79 percent), Reno, Nevada (78 percent), and Phoenix (76 percent).

The heat map below shows markets with the most resetting HELOC shock over the next few years, both by sheer number of HELOCs scheduled to reset (size of the bubble) and by the percentage of resetting HELOCs that are on homes seriously underwater (color of bubble). This heat map displays metropolitan statistical areas with a population of 200,000 or more.

 


How to Make a Niche Market out of 7.3 Million Boomerang Buyers

NMP Instant Webinar

NMP logo

Click here to view the webinar NOW.

In January 2015, RealtyTrac reported that there are approximately 7.3 million Boomerang Buyers that will have the ability to re-enter the housing market over the next 8 years. Boomerang Buyers are those who had a short sale or foreclosure in the past and are eligible to obtain a new mortgage again. A new website, HousingCrisisStories.com, was created to assist Boomerang Buyers back into the housing market, with direction for loan originators that can provide them with a new mortgage. The site also provides assistance for more than 7 million distressed homeowners who are still in underwater (negative equity) homes.

In this instant webinar:

▪ RealtyTrac Vice President Daren Blomquist will explain where the Boomerang Buyers are located, and how they can be found.

▪ Terry Clemans, Executive Director of the National Consumer Reporting Association, will tell you about the QMCR (Qualified Mortgage Credit Report), a novel credit idea that can help with persistent credit errors that hamper these folks and many others from getting a new mortgage.

▪ There’s even a HELP Network, where lenders, loan originators, credit reporting agencies, HUD approved counselors, PMI companies and government agencies that can assist Boomerang Buyers and Distressed Homeowners will be promoted for free.

▪ Jim McMahan NMLS#218164, a loan originator from Georgia, will explain the benefits of assisting these borrowers.

▪ Pam Marron NMLS#246438, a loan originator from Florida, will explain how the website helps these borrowers and loan originators, and invites those who want to assist these clients to be part of a national HELP Network.

Click here to view this FREE Webinar!

 


Past Short Sales Are Like a Bad Divorce

Helping Borrowers with Extenuating Circumstances Through the Mortgage Process

By Pam Marron April 1, 2015

Explaining a past short sale is a harder task than most think, and it re-opens a period of time that many who have had the experience don’t want to go through again. Loan originators should not be surprised when past short sellers show anger, reluctance and may even opt out of re-purchasing a home upon learning what they must do.

Part of the problem is that guidelines, especially those surrounding explanation of extenuating circumstance, are vague. And detail needed is not always easily accessible. Quietly, more than one lender has told me that documentation received is not enough to prove extenuating circumstances, which results in a new mortgage denial for those who may be eligible to re-enter the housing market. Though lenders offer the FHA “Back to Work” program, a low percentage of these loans have been approved.

Extracting and clearly defining the detail of extenuating circumstances to show how past sellers ended up with a short sale or foreclosure falls upon loan originators. So, what is the extra work and detail needed for these loans?

At HousingCrisisStories.com,  there are 3 worksheets for the borrower and loan originator to prepare a case for an underwriter.

  1. Borrower Makes Case:  extensive list of questions for the borrower to detail. Items needed are included on this list.
  2. LO: Economic Event Worksheet:  loan originator uses “Borrower Makes Case” and provided documentation to complete.
  3. LO: Reduced Income and Increased Debt Table: made to show percentage of reduced income for FHA Back to Work and increased expenses needed for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and USDA(medical). Also, lower table shows how “Un-anticipated Additional Debt” can be substantial, showing the REAL hardship.

Loan Originators

  1. Be attentive to your borrowers’ entire story. Question needed details.
  2. Be prepared to document income 1 year prior to the event and over multiple years. Many affected saw trouble coming and tried to prepare. However, the process of going through a short sale or foreclosure with a lender is often drawn out and some take years. During this time, assets are depleted, income fluctuates and credit becomes worse.
  3. Do not be surprised when the borrower is reluctant to detail this timeframe. Many try to forget, and having to dig up paperwork or discuss the event again can be highly emotional.
  4. Loan originators must go the extra mile to prove all remedies tried. WHY? Even when jobs were lost or incomes reduced, when rental income did not cover the mortgage payment on an underwater property, when divorce or a death occurred, a great majority of these homeowners whittled away at savings and retirement funds trying to stay afloat. For many, there is often a final problem  after the economic event where there was no choice left but to sell the home.
  5. It is very common to see an alarmingly high BACK debt to income (DTI) ratio (Reduced Income and Increased Debt Table) even when the mortgage payment is made. This worksheet is intended to show that reduction in income is not always the primary reason to sell.
  6. On short sales, retrieve the HUD-1, the final lender short sale approval letter on 1st and 2nd mortgages and proof of the wire sent from the closing of the property. Why? It is common for the date of payoff on a credit report to be a different date than the actual closing date.
  7. Borrowers that had a deficiency payment may have a “Satisfaction of Mortgage” that shows a release of lien/mortgage but “does not constitute a satisfaction of debt”, so check documents received.  Retrieve the letter to the borrower stating when the deficiency is satisfied the 1099 that often states “forgiveness of debt”. (Documents noted above can be retrieved from the title company noted on the HUD-1 or listing agent.)
  8. Preferably, run file through Fannie Mae’s automated system upfront, which specifies which account and what date causes a Refer. If the short sale shows up as a foreclosure or findings note an incorrect  disbursement, contact your [1]credit reporting agency to correct the date and repository comment.
  9. For an FHA mortgage, make sure the homeowner goes to a HUD Approved counselor at least 30 days before a contract is written or an application taken.

Bonus: the gratitude of these clients will remind you of why you are in the mortgage business.

Pam Marron (NMLS#246438) is senior loan originator with Innovative Mortgage Services Inc. (NMLS#250769) in Tampa Bay, Florida. She may be reached by phone at (727) 375-8986 or e-mail  pmarron@tampabay.rr.com. Websites: HousingCrisisStories.com, CloseWithPam.com, 8Problems.com.

[1] National Consumer Reporting Association (NCRAinc.org) is aware of the erroneous foreclosure code on short sale credit and error in dates. Go to http://www.ncrainc.org/mortgage-credit-reporting-referral-network-by-state.html to find credit reporting agencies in your state.

 


NCRA QMCR…Good Idea Needed Now!

The National Credit Reporting Association introduced the QMCR (Qualified Mortgage Credit Report) which provides a deeper review of the consumer’s credit and includes verifying disputed data, the inclusion of non-traditional data and alternative data not currently reported to credit reporting agencies.

Credit reporting agencies can accurately code a short sale with proper documentation provided by the past homeowner or creditor. Because of a desire for credit reporting in seconds rather than the 72 hours needed to accurately document, there is pushback to this idea.

QMCR pg 1


Specifically pages 7-8 below:

pg1pg2pg3pg4pg5pg6pg7pg8pg9


Loan Originators: “DIG” and Document

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Boomerang Buyers, (those who have had a past short sale or foreclosure) are coming back into the housing market and loan originators who assist these folks with a new mortgage are going to need to hone up on research skills.

Even though there had to be a valid hardship to get be approved for the actual short sale, the hardship and circumstances surrounding a short sale will be looked upon differently when applying for a new mortgage afterwards. Those who have been in the mortgage industry for any length of time probably remember the days of the RMCR where supplements needed to be added to correct credit errors. Today, lightning speed for credit reports done in seconds is required by the industry. But with the unprecedented events that have occurred in the last 7-8 years, the need for loan originators to slow down and “get the story and credit” right is more important now than ever before.

Lenders are starting to see an increase of mortgage files for boomerang buyers, but they caution us that loan originators need to thoroughly review documents to make sure that what is necessary to approve these clients is there upon submission. United Mortgage Corp. Sales Director Jason Frangoulis states, “it’s got to make sense. Hardship had to be apparent and it’s got to be documented.” And even though more lenders are underwriting those with a short sale or foreclosure in the past, these same lenders are reluctant to promote this as a service. “Some of the files we are getting are sloppy and not well documented. We look like the bad guy when we have to turn down one of these loans because it was not well put together,” claims an anonymous lender.

So we decided that www.HousingCrisisStories.com has to be more than just a place where Boomerang Buyers and Distressed Homeowners get assistance. We also need to assist loan originators with what  documentation is needed. Letters of explanation need to be backed up with any matching documentation available, and credit MUST be correctly represented on the mortgage credit report. Yes, you may need credit supplements for accurate dates and you might have to submit to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac’s automated system more than once. Your borrower may need to go back to the short sale lender for missing documentation. There is no doubt this is not an easy job.

If it doesn’t make sense to you, it won’t to an underwriter. DIG DEEP. Get the details. Ask questions. Let there be no doubt your client had a hardship. And in the end, if the story does not make sense and can’t be proven, give your client future options.

The hope is that the Help Network on HousingCrisisStories.com can grow with industry professionals that learn how to assist the 7.3 million projected consumers who will be eligible to  re-enter the housing market within the next 8 years.


NREP: What has credit got to do with Boomerang Buyers? EVERYTHING!

National Real Estate Post explains credit scores and 7.3 million Boomerang Buyers who may be getting back into housing.
2/4/2015: http://thenationalrealestatepost.com/…


FORECLOSURE Code in Conventional Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Loans

The first time the FORECLOSURE credit for past short sellers was seen was on new conventional Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac findings for eligible past short sellers trying to re-enter the housing market again.